The International Movement of Seed. Professional seed companies are increasingly becoming global players and have very international operations.

The business today is characterized by

  • International teams working on product development in multiple R&D and screening sites to test variety adaptation to various climatological and ecological zones
  • Seed produced in countries in the Northern and Southern hemispheres in different climatic zones for reasons of quality and logistics
  • Seed processing, treatment, enhancement, quality control and packing done frequently at a limited number of central sites for reasons of quality and efficiency
  • Marketing and distribution of seeds done globally from a central logistic facility. Seed can be re-exported to multiple destination countries in small shipments over many years

The material moving across international borders includes:

  • Germplasm for R&D purposes
  • Experimental lines and hybrids for screening purposes
  • Basic seed for multiplication purposes, and
  • Commercial varieties and hybrids for marketing purposes
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